Industrial robots, practical
Name of industrial robots rule, these complex automatic movement used in manufacturing processes is an emerging industrial engineering chapter appeared in the fusion of automation and electrical drives. Even if there are pneumatic or hydraulic embodiment, however, the future implementations of robots are electromechanical, especially due to the advantages of computer compatibility (default approach that brings an increase flexibility and integrability).
When resorting to robots
There are several criteria (work requirements) that may materialize decision to use robots in manufacturing processes, and we see that some of these are also key elements of the definition of industrial robot. We recall that (usually) it is a mechanism by succession of several kinematic chain joints causes more degrees of freedom at the terminal end, the execution, to whom we entrust different workloads. But not this availability sport,, “,, robot will provide employment contract”. Otherwise we will identify specific work requirements robotic automation implementation:
need to run very repetitive task involving complex movement (manufacturing / process in large series);
working in difficult conditions in human perspective (toxicity / pollution, extreme temperatures, electromagnetic radiation – classic examples being here steel foundries, painting, preparation / reconditioning underground pipes, etc.).
However, in relation to the first criterion, remember that the decision to implement an economic robot is obtained by reference to labor costs: an assembly line of an automobile can be achieved successful people, but automated approach is more sustainable if a large production series (and it would be completely wrong for a race car that’s almost unique). Things are at least as clear and applications in other industries, such as those involving processing and packaging (food, beverages consumer, pharmaceutical products), or the logistics.
What robots choose the automobile industry:
assembly (production lines)
welding (arc welding, electron beam welding, laser welding, inert gas welding, spot welding, welding with tungsten)
bonding / sealing
coating / surface treatment
washing liquid inkjet
cutting / sawing prefabricated
drilling / milling
deburring / cleaning
Casting (static pressure)
polishing / grinding
maintenance of machine tools
manipulation of parts
manipulation of products for packaging, storage, palletizing, delivery, and so on.
Since we tried a conceptual clarification, and mention the alternative name used to implement industrial robots, ie,, flexible cell “, in which case we speculate that the defining attribute can refer both to the complexity of the robotic arm movement, and – more interesting from the perspective of engineering / management – the deepest flexibility given by robots ability (to be reprogrammed) to adapt to changes in the production process (ie gauges, routes, speed, strength, intensity, conditions, etc. ). And we’ll mention the whole issue of whether an integrated, PFS (flexible manufacturing system), for which we will outline the key features conclusive in terms of enterprise management: efficiency, controllability and safety.